|Gyiophis salweenensis Photo credit. Evan Quah|
The 54th species of homalopid snake has been described by Quah et al. (2017). The new species, Gyiophis salweenensis was described from the lowlands of Mawlamyine District in Mon state, southeastern Myanmar. The authors suggest that Gyiophis salweenensis is presumed to be closely related to G. maculosa Blanford and G. vorisi Murphy based on the similarities in scales and coloration but can be separated from G. maculosa by the shape of its first three dorsal scale rows that are square, ventral scale pattern that lacks a central spot, and a faint stripe on dorsal scale rows 1–4. It can be further distinguished from G. vorisi by its lower number of ventral scales (129 vs. 142–152), lower number of subcaudals (30/29 vs. 41–58), narrow rostral scale, and having more rows of spots on the dorsum (four vs. three). A preliminary molecular analysis using 1050 base pairs of cytochrome b (cytb) recovered G. salweenensis as the sister species to the Chinese Mud Snake (Myrrophis chinensis). G. maculosa and G. vorisi were unavailable for the analysis. The discovery of G. salweenensis sp. nov. highlights the need for more surveys into the herpetological diversity of eastern Myanmar which remains very much underestimated.
Quah ES, Grismer LL, L Jr PE, Thura MK, Zin T, Kyaw H, Lwin N, Grismer MS, Murdoch Ml. 2017. A new species of Mud Snake (Serpentes, Homalopsidae, Gyiophis Murphy & Voris, 2014) from Myanmar with a first molecular phylogenetic assessment of the genus. Zootaxa. 4238(4):571-82.