Anolis is the largest genus of lizards with more than 416 described species. Eight new species
were described by Kohler and Hedges (2016)
Anolis chlorodius, Hispaniola
revising the green anoles of Hispaniola. Using morphological and molecular genetic data the authors recognize 16 species of green anoles on the island, eight of which they describe as new species (A. apletolepis, A. chlorodius, A. divius, A. eladioi,A. gonavensis, A. leucodera, A. prasinorius, and A. viridius). Three other species were raised from subspecific to species level (A. cyanostictus, A. demissus and A. pecuarius) and one was resurrected from synonymy with A. chlorocyanus (A. peynadoi).
Another new anole from Hispaniola, Anolis landestoyi, was described by Mahler et al. (2016). The new species, namedAnolis landestoyi, was found in the Dominican
Anolis landestoyi, Hispaniola
Republic but bears a strong resemblance to Cuba’sChamaeleolis anoles.Chamaeleolis anoles look less like typical anoles and more like chameleons: large, cryptic, slow-moving, and prone to clinging to lichen-covered branches high in forest canopies. Anolis landestoyi is restricted to a unique habitat only found in a small area in the western Dominican Republic that is rapidly disappearing due to illegal deforestation.
Two new anoles from Mexico were described by Köhler et al. (2016). Anolis (Norops) mccraniei occurs at elevations of 200–1,740 m throughout much of Honduras (except for the Atlantic slopes of the Cordillera Nombre de Dios
in northern Honduras), as well as in extreme
Anolis purpuronectes, Oaxaca, Mexico
northwestern El Salvador, northern Nicaragua, and eastern Guatemala. Anolis (Norops) wilsoni is restricted to the Atlantic slopes of the Cordillera Nombre de Dios in the departments of Atlántida and Colón in northern Honduras, at elevations from near sea level to 980 m.
The semi-aquatic Anolis purpuronectes was described by Gray, et al. 2016 from the western portion of the Chimalapas region in extreme northeastern Oaxaca and adjacent southeastern Veracruz, Mexico. They found this lizard sleeping on low vegetation within one metre of a stream, on boulders or logs in or along streams; on boulders, logs, or wet leaf litter; or within boulder crevices near small waterfalls. The type locality is a corridor of closed-canopy forest surrounded by highly disturbed areas.
Gray L, Meza-Lázaro R, Poe S, de Oca AN. A new species of semiaquatic Anolis (Squamata: Dactyloidae) from Oaxaca and Veracruz, Mexico. 2016. The Herpetological Journal. 26(4):253-62.
Köhler G, Hedges SB. 2016. A revision of the green anoles of Hispaniola with description of eight new species (Reptilia, Squamata, Dactyloidae).Novitates Caribaea 9: 1-135.E-print
Köhler G, Townsend JH, Petersen CB. 2016. A taxonomic revision of the Norops tropidonotus complex (Squamata, Dactyloidae), with the resurrection of N. spilorhipis(Álvarez del Toro and Smith, 1956) and the description of two new species. Mesoamerican Herpetology. 3:8-41.
Mahler DL, Lambert SM, Geneva AJ, Ng J, Hedges SB, Losos JB, Glor RE. 2016. Discovery of a Giant Chameleon-Like Lizard (Anolis) on Hispaniola and Its Significance to Understanding Replicated Adaptive Radiations. The American Naturalist. 188(3):357-64.
I am a retired science educator and naturalist. My research focuses on reptiles, mostly snakes. Also, I am interested in dogs and their evolution. Protecting the environment should be a high priority for everyone, particularly politicians. They seem to be in denial over the idea that the environment is our life support system - once it's damaged, it may not be fixable.
World Snake Day is July 16. The day is important to the conservation of snakes. Snakes live on every continent except Antarctica and can vary from the longest species, the reticulated python, to the smallest Barbados Threadsnake. Snakes try to avoid human contact. They consider humans predators. Venomous snakes (and many) use their venom to obtain food and only use it for defense when forced to. World Snake Day can help remove people's fears and illusions about snakes, and help them gain recognition as a marvelous adaptable apex species. World Snake Day can be used to educate and inform people about how to deal with snakes. Let's not mis this opportunity.
World Lizard Day
August 14th is World Lizard Day. It's the perfect time to show some love for these remarkable creatures that have been sharing our planet since the time of the dinosaurs. With over 6,000 known species, lizards come in all sorts of shapes, sizes, colors, and patterns, and you can find them on every continent except Antarctica. But why should we celebrate lizards, you ask? Well, they're not just cool to observe in their natural habitats but also essential players in many ecosystems. Lizards help keep insect populations in check, which is vital to our ecosystems. So, let's give these amazing creatures the recognition they deserve on this special day! tems worldwide.
World Turtle Day
Turtles and tortoises have secured their enduring places as enduring symbols in folklore, fables, and popular culture, enchanting our imaginations with their representations of wisdom and resilience. Annually, on May 23, we gather with delight to observe World Turtle Day, a dedicated day that pays homage to these unwavering creatures. Turtles and tortoises, both esteemed members of the reptile family, inhabit an array of diverse environments worldwide, where they play pivotal roles within their ecosystems.
These extraordinary beings don’t merely excavate burrows that become abodes for various other species; they also provide a valuable service by assisting in maintaining the cleanliness of our beaches. Their diet includes the remains of deceased fish that wash ashore, making a substantial contribution to ecological equilibrium. This underscores the profound significance of safeguarding these gentle creatures.
World Turtle Day stands as an occasion specially designated to celebrate and protect both of these remarkable creatures. Its origins can be traced back to 2002 when American Tortoise Rescue introduced this meaningful event. It casts a spotlight on the myriad challenges that turtles and tortoises confront due to human intervention and environmental hazards. On this special day, educational institutions, rescue centers, and nature enthusiasts unite to deepen their understanding of these creatures and pledge unwavering commitments to their preservation.
Here are some impactful ways in which you can actively participate in the endeavor to safeguard these exceptional animals: Adopt a Turtle or Tortoise: Contemplate adopting a turtle or tortoise from a rescue shelter. These low-maintenance creatures make ideal companions, especially for families with young children.
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